Monthly Archives: April 2014

GDP, National Income and Inflation

In our conversations we often use terms like GDP growth and inflation without knowing the exact definition of these terms. In this article, we try to provide a clearer picture of National Income and Inflation for our readers. Content has been kept simple and complex details have been neglected for the same reason.   Gross […]
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National Health Mission (NHM): Providing Universal Health Care

This flagship mission was started on 12 April 2005 by the Government of India with the name National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) in 18 states. In 2013 Government of India announced National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) and combined it with NRHM to form National Health Mission (NHM).Spending on health to be increased from 0.9% of […]
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Right to Health: The Next Big Thing for India

Current Situation : India accounts for one-third of pregnant women and about a quarter of child deaths. Infant Mortality Rate is 56 per 1000 births and is worse than lower income countries like Bangladesh. Right to Health is essential to enjoy other fundamental rights like Right to Education, Employment etc. In this background, it is […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (9 of 9): Foreign Policy

Current Situation: Desire for multipolar world (power should be diffused across the world). Relations with US have deteriorated over Nuclear Liability Law and Devyani Case. Relations with West have improved and measures like foreign investment allowed West’s money to flow into India. Engagements with emerging countries continued. Russia remained a reliable partner and relations with […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (8 of 9): Disadvantaged Groups

Current Situation: SC, STs and Muslims have the worst health and education indicators and lowest paying jobs. Discrimination and caste and religion based violence occurs frequently across the country. The Communal Violence Bill was introduced but had to be withdrawn following opposition. Section 377 of IPC (Indian Penal Code) criminalising consensual gay sex upheld by […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (7 of 9): Infrastructure

Current Situation: India has a one trillion infrastructure deficit over the next five years, according to finance minister P. Chidambaram. India is ranked 89th out of 142 countries for its infrastructure in 2011-12. 65% of all freight is transported by road resulting in high traffic. The planning commission has estimated that India needs 180 more […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections, 2014 (6 of 9): Women

Current Status: Anti-Rape laws were strengthened following the Delhi incident. Women safety remain an issue which is partly a reason for their lag in education, share in workforce etc. Women Reservation Bill could not be passed. This bill reserve seats for women in parliament. Stands of various parties on this issue: Congress: Will pass women’s […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (5 of 9): Internal Securities

Current Situation : Police to population ratio has not increased for last 20 years. 4821 civilians and 1850 security force personnel have been killed by Maoists in last 10 years. Judicial pendency has risen to 55% for special and local laws, and 85% for IPC cases. Stand of major political parties on Internal Securities : […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (4 of 9): Health

Current Situation : India has one-third of world’s malnourished and accounts for a quarter of the world’s infant deaths Public expenditure on health is 1.2% of GDP, one of the lowest in the developing world. India has one of the highest rated of out of the pocket expenditure on health in the world. Stand of […]
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Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (3 of 9) : Education

GDP on education. Primary school enrollment is nearly 100% but 40% of children dropout before completing elementary school and tertiary enrollment (for graduate studies and beyond) is 18%. The quality of this education is poor, compromising future employability. Stands of various parties in their manifestos : Congress: New focus on secondary education to ensure universal […]
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