Manifesto Comparison, General Elections 2014 (3 of 9) : Education

GDP on education. Primary school enrollment is nearly 100% but 40% of children dropout before completing elementary school and tertiary enrollment (for graduate studies and beyond) is 18%. The quality of this education is poor, compromising future employability.

Stands of various parties in their manifestos : Congress:

  • New focus on secondary education to ensure universal enrollment and reduce dropout rates in middle and secondary level.
  • Rashtriya Uchhatar Shiksha Abhiyan to improve college and university infrastructure.
  • Will open up higher education to investment from India and abroad.
  • Independent regulatory mechanism to oversee State and private institutions to standardization and quality of education.
  • Strengthening facilities for children with special needs.


  • Performance audit of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
  • Content and process of school education to be reviewed to make it dynamic and stress-free.
  • Special pedagogy for differently-abled students.
  • Universalization of secondary school education with particular focus on rural, tribal and difficult areas.
  • Autonomy with steps to ensure accountability for institutions of higher learning.
  • Revisit Apprentice Act to facilitate youth to earn while they learn.


  • Public expenditure on education to be 6% of GDP.
  • Expanding secondary education to reduce dropouts, improving quality of education and infrastructure.
  • No FDI in higher education, scrapping bills that allow entry of foreign universities.
  • Regulation of private higher education institutions, including of fee structures and teacher norms.
  • Regularize teachers currently employed as contract or para teachers.


  • Provision of state funding of education for all through increased budgetary allocations with special provisions for marginalised sections.
  • Provision for involvement of local community/ gram sabha to ensure quality of teachers and decide curriculum.
  • Establish more world class institutions like AIIMS, IITs etc and link higher education to entrepreneurial and job markets.
  • Focus of education on learning outcomes rather than on inputs. Fill deficit of quality teachers to ensure the same.


  • Public expenditure on education to be 7% of GDP.

Note: The content produced here is taken from The Hindu. Writers of Know India have not changed the content in any way. Points of other national parties were not included as either their manifestos were not released (BSP) or they are small in their presence (NCP). For full comparison (which we will release in 9 volumes) can be seen at Page on – Every Vote Counts, Choose Wisely.

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